Tuesday, 11 February 2014
Monday, 10 February 2014
Exercise and fibromyalgia
Diet and fibromyalgia
Complementary therapies and fibromyalgia
Sleep and fibromyalgia
- avoid alcohol, tea or coffee late at night
- develop a sleep routine, settling down and getting up at the same time each day
- avoid watching TV in your bedroom
- keep a notepad by your bed so that if you think of something you need to do the next day you can write it down and then put it out of your mind
- relax and try gentle exercise as this can reduce muscle tension
- Learn about fibromyalgia. Understanding it can help to ease your fear and anxiety.
- Find out if there’s a support group in your area, or think about joining an online fibromyalgia forum or expert patient programme. Discussing your experiences with others who have fibromyalgia may help.
- Encourage your family and friends to find out more and discuss your condition with you. It’s especially important that they understand you may be in severe pain even if you look well.
- Learn to take time out for yourself to relax your mind and your muscles.
- Pace yourself. It’s tempting to do a lot on one day, but doing too much can make your symptoms worse the next day. Spread things out over a longer period and make sure you do things you enjoy as well as things you have to do.
- Try the medication your doctor has to offer and discuss which ones are helpful.
- Find effective ways of communicating feelings such as anxiety or anger. Counselling or cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can help to break the cycle of anxiety, depression and pain and has helped many people keep their pain under control – your GP will be able to refer you.
- Unhappiness at home or work can make pain feel worse. Addressing the causes of this unhappiness could help. Ask for help from people at your work, such as a friend, colleague or manager. You can also seek advice from experts such as occupational therapists, a Jobcentre Plus office and the Citizens Advice Bureau. They can work with you and your employer to find the best solution for everyone.
Drugs for fibromyalgia
Physical therapies for fibromyalgia
- chronic tiredness (fatigue)
- joint pain in various parts of their body
- restless leg syndrome, which causes spasms in either one or both legs (a few people report having spasms in the arms as well)
- irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJD), which causes problems with the joint connecting the jawbone to their skull, resulting in pain in their jaw and areas nearby
- pain from an injury or another condition such as arthritis
- stress at work or strain in personal relationships
- depression brought on by illness or unhappy events.
Fibromyalgia is often difficult to diagnose as the symptoms vary considerably and could have other causes. They can be similar to the symptoms of other conditions, for example an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism). Your doctor may suggest you have blood tests to rule out other conditions.
A diagnosis of fibromyalgia is made if you have specific tender points in certain areas of your body. These areas can be tender even when they’re pressed very gently. While tenderness can occur at individual sites in other conditions, for example tennis elbow, if you have fibromyalgia you’ll have tenderness in many different parts of your body – usually 11 or more.
Most common symptoms of fibromyalgia
- widespread pain in your muscles
- tiredness (fatigue)
- sleep disturbance.
Less common symptoms of fibromyalgia
- poor circulation – tingling, numbness or swelling in your hands and feet
- irritability or feeling a bit down
- forgetfulness or poor concentration
- feeling an urgent need to urinate, especially at night
- irritable or uncomfortable bowels (diarrhoea or constipation and abdominal pain).